Implements the Universal Background Model (UBM) training

This algorithm is a legacy one. The API has changed since its implementation. New versions and forks will need to be updated.

Algorithms have at least one input and one output. All algorithm endpoints are organized in groups. Groups are used by the platform to indicate which inputs and outputs are synchronized together. The first group is automatically synchronized with the channel defined by the block in which the algorithm is deployed.

Unnamed group

Endpoint Name Data Format Nature
features system/array_2d_floats/1 Input
ubm tutorial/gmm/1 Output

Parameters allow users to change the configuration of an algorithm when scheduling an experiment

Name Description Type Default Range/Choices
number-of-gaussians uint32 100
maximum-number-of-iterations uint32 10

The code for this algorithm in Python
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For a Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM), this algorithm implements the Universal Background Model (UBM) training described in [Reynolds2000].

First, this algorithm estimates the means, diagonal covariance matrix and the weights of each gaussian component using the KMeans clustering. After, only the means are re-estimated using the Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimator.

This algorithm relies on the Bob library.

The input, features, is a training set of floating point vectors as a two-dimensional array of floats (64 bits), the number of rows corresponding to the number of training samples, and the number of columns to the dimensionality of the training samples. The output, ubm, is the GMM trained using the ML estimator.

[Reynolds2000]Reynolds, Douglas A., Thomas F. Quatieri, and Robert B. Dunn. "Speaker verification using adapted Gaussian mixture models." Digital signal processing 10.1 (2000): 19-41.


Updated Name Databases/Protocols Analyzers
smarcel/tutorial/full_isv/2/mobio_male-gmm_100Gx10I-isv_50Ux10Ix4R-dct_12Bx8Ox45C-seed101 mobio/1@male tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_ubmgmm/2/mobioMale_gmm_DCT12x8_100G mobio/1@male tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_ubmgmm/2/mobioMale_ubmgmm_DCT12x8_100G mobio/1@male tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_ubmgmm/2/bancaP_gmm_DCT12x8_100G banca/1@P tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_isv/2/bancaMc_isv_DCT12x8_100G_U50 banca/1@Mc tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_isv/2/xm2vtsLp1_isv_DCT12x8_100G_U50 xm2vts/1@lp1 tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_isv/2/mobioMale_isv_DCT12x8_100G_U50 mobio/1@male tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_isv/2/bancaP_isv_DCT12x8_100G_U50 banca/1@P tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1
tutorial/tutorial/full_isv/2/atnt_isv_DCT12x8_100G_U50 atnt/1@idiap_test_eyepos tutorial/eerhter_postperf_iso/1

This table shows the number of times this algorithm has been successfully run using the given environment. Note this does not provide sufficient information to evaluate if the algorithm will run when submitted to different conditions.

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